Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1003
Title: Demography and health of the Xavante Indians of Central Brazil
Authors: Souza, Luciene Guimarães de
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Pagliaro, Heloisa
Carvalho, Marilia Sá
Flowers, Nancy M.
Coimbra Junior, Carlos E. A.
Affilliation: Secretaria Especial de Saúde Indígena, Ministério da Saúde, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil / Departamento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Deceased.
Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, USA.
Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Abstract: This study investigates the demographic and health behavior of the Xavante Indians of Mato Grosso State, Central Brazil. Data covering the period 1999 to 2004 was collected using information from household censuses and vital statistics. In addition to standard demographic analyses, survival analysis was carried out. Results show a young age structure, derived from a combination of high fertility rates (7.7 live births per woman) and declining mortality. Mortality rates, especially infant mortality (97 per thousand), remain very high, surpassing regional and national rates. Natural increase is the main contributing factor to population growth. The annual population growth rate is 4.4%. Results suggest that recent declines in mortality and fertility may be related to transformations in the implementation of basic health care services and internal diversity, the latter of which seems to be associated with local history and sociocultural determinants.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Epidemiologia
Região Centro-Oeste
Mortalidade
Xavante
Demografia
Fecundidade
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Mortalidade Infantil
Desigualdades em Saúde
Saúde das Populações Indígenas
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca
Citation: SOUZA, Luciene Guimarães de; SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura; PAGLIARO, Heloisa; CARVALHO, Marilia Sá; FLOWERS, Nancy May; COIMBRA JR., Carlos E. A.. Demography and health of the Xavante Indians of Central Brazil. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, v. 27, n. 10, p. 1891-1905, 2011.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011001000003
ISSN: 1678-4464
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos de Periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
278888377.pdf156.22 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.