Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1009
Title: The Brazilian Xavante Indians revisited: new protein genetic studies
Authors: Salzano, Francisco M.
Franco, M. H. L. P.
Weimer, T. A.
Callegari-Jacques, S. M.
Mestriner, M. A.
Hutz, M. H.
Flowers, Nancy M.
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Coimbra Junior, Carlos E. A.
Affilliation: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre. RS. Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre. RS. Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre. RS. Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre. RS. Brasil.
Hunter College. Department of Anthropology. The City University of New York, NY, USA.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre. RS. Brasil.
Hunter College. Department of Anthropology. The City University of New York, NY, USA.
Fudnação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Departamento de Endemias Samuel Pessoa. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Museu nacional. Departamento de Antropologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fudnação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Departamento de Endemias Samuel Pessoa. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: A total of 94 individuals from the Xavante village of Rio das Mortes were variously studied in relation to 28 protein genetic systems. No variation was observed for 15 of them, in accordance with previous studies. Of the remaining 13, four (Rh, Duffy, acid phosphatase, and GC) showed significant departures from the averages obtained in 32 other South American Indian populations. If studies performed in the 1960s are considered, there is indication that no significant changes in this village’s gene pool has occurred in the last 30 years. Comparison with two other Xavante populations included nine systems with variation, and for three of them (MNSs, Rh, and Duffy) significant differences were found. Genetically the Rio das Mortes are closer to the Sa˜o Marcos than to the Simo˜es Lopes Xavantes. A dendrogram considering 25 genetic systems and 33 South American Indian populations was constructed. There the Xavante were grouped together, in two neighboring clusters, with three other tribes who speak Ge languages. But these clusters also present populations who speak other languages, and the reproducibility of the tree is low. South American Indians, at least with this set of markers, do not seem to be clearly classified into defined subgroups. Am J Phys Anthropol 104:23–34, 1997.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Região Centro-Oeste
Xavante
Genética
Genética Humana
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: SALZANO, F. M.; FRANCO, M. H. L. P.; WEIMER, T. A.; CALLEGARI-JACQUES, S. M.; MESTRINER, M. A.; HUTZ, M. H.; FLOWERS, Nancy May; SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura; COIMBRA JR., Carlos E. A.. The Brazilian Xavante Indians revisited: new protein genetic studies. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, v. 104, n. 1, p. 23–34, 1997.
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:GH - Artigos de Periódicos

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