Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1077
Title: Total and abdominal adiposity and hypertension in indigenous women in midwest Brazil
Authors: Almeida, Juliana Barros
Kian, Kauhana Oliveira
Lima, Rosangela Costa
Souza, Maria Cristina Corrêa de
Affilliation: Universidade Federal de Grande Dourados. Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde. Dourados, MS, Brasil.
Abstract: Background Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension, and abdominal fat in particular has been more strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases and its prevalence has increased in Brazilian indigenous populations. Objective The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension among indigenous women and its association with total and abdominal obesity after adjustment for confounding factors. Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated indigenous non-pregnant women aged 20–59 years living in two villages of the indigenous reserve of Dourados, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by trained interviewers. Households were visited and were selected by simple random sampling using SPSS software version 21. The casting of lots was performed from a list of households located on a map of villages. To locate the selected households, a Global Positioning System device was used. A questionnaire was used to obtain data on socio-demographic, lifestyle and health-related variables and to obtain anthropometric data on weight, height, and waist circumference (WC). Blood pressure was measured twice during home visits. Results Data were collected between June and October 2013 with 362 women. Most of them were aged <40 years (66.3%) and had low educational level (≤4 years of schooling, 82.0%), had overweight/obesity (74.0%), WC ≥80 cm (83.7%), and family history of hypertension (60.5%). The prevalence of hypertension was 42.0% (CI 95%: 37.0–47.2). In the multivariable analysis, respondents with WC 80–87 cm and ≥88 cm showed approximately 2 times higher prevalence rates of hypertension compared with those with WC <80 cm after adjusting for confounding factors. There was no association between body mass index (BMI) and hypertension in this study. Conclusions The overall prevalence of hypertension was high and associated only with abdominal adiposity but not with BMI.
Keywords: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Epidemiologia
Hipertensão
Índios Sul-americanos
Pressão sanguínea
Obesidade
Índice de Massa Corporal
Mato Grosso do Sul
Região Centro-Oeste
Bororo
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Epidemiologia
Hipertensão
Pressão sanguínea
Obesidade
Índice de Massa Corporal
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: ALMEIDA, Juliana Barros; KIAN, Kauhana Oliveira; LIMA, Rosangela Costa; SOUZA, Maria Cristina Corrêa de. Total and Abdominal Adiposity and Hypertension in Indigenous Women in Midwest Brazil. PLOS ONE, v. 11, n. 6, p. 3-12, 2016.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155528
ISSN: 1932-6203
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos

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