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dc.contributor.authorAlmeida, Juliana Barros-
dc.contributor.authorKian, Kauhana Oliveira-
dc.contributor.authorLima, Rosangela Costa-
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Maria Cristina Corrêa de-
dc.identifier.citationALMEIDA, Juliana Barros; KIAN, Kauhana Oliveira; LIMA, Rosangela Costa; SOUZA, Maria Cristina Corrêa de. Total and Abdominal Adiposity and Hypertension in Indigenous Women in Midwest Brazil. PLOS ONE, v. 11, n. 6, p. 3-12, 2016.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension, and abdominal fat in particular has been more strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases and its prevalence has increased in Brazilian indigenous populations. Objective The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension among indigenous women and its association with total and abdominal obesity after adjustment for confounding factors. Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated indigenous non-pregnant women aged 20–59 years living in two villages of the indigenous reserve of Dourados, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by trained interviewers. Households were visited and were selected by simple random sampling using SPSS software version 21. The casting of lots was performed from a list of households located on a map of villages. To locate the selected households, a Global Positioning System device was used. A questionnaire was used to obtain data on socio-demographic, lifestyle and health-related variables and to obtain anthropometric data on weight, height, and waist circumference (WC). Blood pressure was measured twice during home visits. Results Data were collected between June and October 2013 with 362 women. Most of them were aged <40 years (66.3%) and had low educational level (≤4 years of schooling, 82.0%), had overweight/obesity (74.0%), WC ≥80 cm (83.7%), and family history of hypertension (60.5%). The prevalence of hypertension was 42.0% (CI 95%: 37.0–47.2). In the multivariable analysis, respondents with WC 80–87 cm and ≥88 cm showed approximately 2 times higher prevalence rates of hypertension compared with those with WC <80 cm after adjusting for confounding factors. There was no association between body mass index (BMI) and hypertension in this study. Conclusions The overall prevalence of hypertension was high and associated only with abdominal adiposity but not with BMI.en_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.rightsopen accessen_US
dc.subject.otherSaúde de Populações Indígenasen_US
dc.subject.otherÍndios Sul-americanosen_US
dc.subject.otherPressão sanguíneaen_US
dc.subject.otherÍndice de Massa Corporalen_US
dc.subject.otherMato Grosso do Sulen_US
dc.subject.otherRegião Centro-Oesteen_US
dc.titleTotal and abdominal adiposity and hypertension in indigenous women in midwest Brazilen_US
dc.creator.affilliationUniversidade Federal de Grande Dourados. Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde. Dourados, MS, Brasil.en_US
dc.subject.decsSaúde de Populações Indígenasen_US
dc.subject.decsÍndios Sul-Americanosen_US
dc.subject.decsPressão sanguíneaen_US
dc.subject.decsÍndice de Massa Corporalen_US
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