Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1090
Title: Nutrition transition, socioeconomic differentiation, and gender among adult Xavante indians, Brazilian Amazon
Authors: Welch, James R.
Ferreira, Aline A.
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Gugelmin, Silvia A.
Werneck, Guilherme
Coimbra Junior, Carlos E. A.
Affilliation: Tulane Universit. Department of Anthropology. New Orleans, LA, USA / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro. Instituto de Nutrição. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro. Instituto de Medicina Social. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Abstract: High prevalence rates of overweight and obesity are increasingly common among indigenous Amazonian societies experiencing greater involvement in market economies. An important factor in such nutritional transition is internal socioeconomic differentiation, which partially accounts for fatness frequencies. We report the results of a diachronic anthropometric comparison and crosssectional anthropometric and socioeconomic survey of Xavante adults from a single, large community. Our data show an accelerated nutrition transition, with significant weight and BMI increases for males and females between 1962 and 2006. We also found income and wealth to be significantly associated with fatness measures for both sexes combined and for females separately. We interpret the observed gender differences as reflecting differences between male and female social dietary practices. Comparison with other studies in the Amazon region suggests that the relationships between internal socioeconomic differentiation and dietary health vary between cultural and economic settings. We also argue that parallels between Xavante health perspectives and epidemiological interpretations demonstrate the potential for proactive interchange between native and scientific health discourses
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Região Centro-Oeste
Xavante
Antropometria
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estado Nutricional
Avaliação Nutricional
Sobrepeso e Obesidade
Comportamento Alimentar
Condições Socioeconômicas
Inquéritos Nutricionais
Transição Nutricional
Circunferência da Cintura
Pregas Cutâneas
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Antropometria
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estado Nutricional
Avaliação Nutricional
Comportamento Alimentar
Transição Nutricional
Circunferência da Cintura
Pregas Cutâneas
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: WELCH, James R.; FERREIRA, Aline A.; SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura; GUGELMIN, Silvia A.; WERNECK, Guilherme; COIMBRA JR., Carlos E. A.. Nutrition Transition, Socioeconomic Differentiation, and Gender Among Adult Xavante Indians, Brazilian Amazon. Human Ecology, v. 37, p. 13-26, 2009.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10745-009-9216-7
ISSN: 0300-7839
Copyright: restricted access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos

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