Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1107
Title: Prevalence of pneumonia and associated factors among indigenous children in Brazil: results from the First National Survey of Indigenous People's Health and Nutrition
Authors: Cardoso, Andrey Moreira
Horta, Bernardo L.
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Escobar, Ana L.
Welch, James R.
Coimbra Junior, Carlos E. A.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia. Pelotas, RS, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Departamento de Antropologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Departamento de Antropologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Abstract: Background: Based on data from a nationally representative sample of indigenous villages in Brazilian indigenous reserves, the study sought to estimate the prevalence of pneumonia and evaluate associated factors among indigenous children under 5 years of age. Methods: Sociodemographic, clinical and reported data on child respiratory health fromthe First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition in Brazil were collected for 6128 children. Prevalence of pneumonia was calculated for independent variables and hierarchical multivariate analyseswere performed to assess associations. Results: The overall prevalence proportions of cough, nasal congestion, pneumonia, and pneumonia with fever were 44.4%, 31.0%, 2.63%, and 1.28%, respectively. In the multivariate model, pneumoniawas more frequent among children living in the South/Southeast and North regions of Brazil. Children living in larger households or houseswith wood or thatch roofing, aswell those with lowbirthweight or stunting, presented higher risk of pneumonia. Pneumoniawas less prevalent among children living in houses with wood flooring and those presenting low weight-for-age. Conclusions: The study results demonstrate that pneumonia is an important cause of illness among indigenous children throughout Brazil. The association between pneumonia and household characteristics suggests that indoor home environment is closely related to the respiratory health of indigenous children.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Nordeste
Região Amazônica
Região Centro-Oeste
Região Sul
Região Sudeste
Saúde da Criança
Morbidade
Fatores de Risco
Serviços de Saúde
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Pneumonia
Estado Nutricional
Infecções Respiratórias
Condições Socioeconômicas
Inquérito Nacional de Saúde e Nutrição de Povos Indígenas
Inquéritos de Saúde
Características dos Domicílios
Doenças Respiratórias
Poluição Intradomiciliar
Qualidade do Ambiente Doméstico
Condições Ambientais
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Saúde da Criança
Morbidade
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Pneumonia
Estado Nutricional
Infecções Respiratórias
Classe Social
Inquéritos de Saúde
Características dos Domicílios
Doenças Respiratórias
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Citation: CARDOSO, Andrey M. et al. Prevalence of pneumonia and associated factors among indigenous children in Brazil: results from the First National Survey of Indigenous People's Health and Nutrition. International Health, v. 7, n. 6, p. 412-419, 2015.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv023
ISSN: 1876-3405 1876-3413
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos

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