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Title: Income as a protective factor for dental caries among indigenous people from Central Brazil
Authors: Arantes, Rui
Frazão, Paulo
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Cuiabá, MS, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Abstract: Abstract: The objective of this paper was to evaluate the association between eligibility for a conditional cash transfer program, based on household income, and dental caries in 12‑year‑ old children from three Indigenous ethnic groups living in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Central Brazil. A population‑ based cross‑ sectional study was performed in three ethnic groups: Kaiwoá, Guarani, and Terena. The study population was drawn by stratified sampling according to each ethnic group with a probability proportional to the village size. The number of untreated decayed permanent teeth as a count variable was the outcome measure. Ethnic group and eligibility for the conditional cash transfer program showed significant association with untreated caries. Children from Guarani and Terena presented respectively two‑ fold and 2.8‑fold higher caries rate (p<.001) compared with Kaiwoá in the adjusted model, while children from no eligible cash transfer program households had a 40% lower caries rate (p=.034).
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Região Amazônica
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Centro-Oeste
Mato Grosso do Sul
Cárie Dentária
Saúde Bucal
Alimentação e Nutrição
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Saúde Bucal
Cárie Dentária
Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Citation: ARANTES, Rui; FRAZÃO, Paulo. Income as a protective factor for dental caries among indigenous people from Central Brazil. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, v. 27, n. 1, p. 81-89, 2016.
ISSN: 1049-2089
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos

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