Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1205
Title: Caries, gender and socio-economic change in the Xavante Indians from Central Brazil
Authors: Arantes, Rui
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Frazão, Paulo
Coimbra Junior, Carlos E. A.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The oral health conditions of indigenous peoples in Amazonia are closely associated with ecological and dietary changes related to interaction with non-Indians. AIM: The study investigated the incidence of caries in an indigenous community from Central Brazil focusing on gender differences. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The research was conducted among the Xavante Indians and was based on longitudinal data collected in two surveys (1999 and 2004). The study included 128 individuals, 63 (49.2%) males and 65 (50.8%) females, divided in four age brackets (6-12, 13-19, 20-34, 35-60 years of age). The DMFT (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and incidences (difference between 1999 and 2004) were calculated for each individual. The proportion of incidence was also calculated. Differences in caries risk between gender and age brackets were compared by parametric and non-parametric tests. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in relation to caries incidence between age brackets and gender. The greatest incidence was observed in the 20-34 age bracket, which presented 3.30 new decayed teeth, twice the risk of the 6-12 age bracket (p<0.01), chosen as reference. While females in most age groups did not show higher risk for caries when compared to males, there was a 4.04-fold risk in the 20-34 age bracket (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: It is concluded that factors related to the social functions of each sex (gender issues) and differential access to information, health services, and education may help to understand the differences observed in the incidence of caries.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Epidemiologia
Região Centro-Oeste
Cárie Dentária
Saúde Bucal
Xavante
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
Serviços de Saúde
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Deficiências Nutricionais
Gênero e Saúde
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Epidemiologia
Saúde Bucal
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena
Deficiências Nutricionais
Gênero e Saúde
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Society for the Study of Human Biology
Citation: ARANTES, Rui. et al. Caries, gender and socio-economic change in the Xavante Indians from Central Brazil. Annals of Human Biology, v. 36, n. 2, p. 162-175, 2009.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1080/03014460802672844
ISSN: 1464-5033
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos

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