Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1211
Title: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Brazilian Xavante indigenous population
Authors: Soares, Luana Padua
Fabbro, Amaury Lelis Dal
Silva, Anderson Soares
Sartorelli, Daniela Saes
Franco, Luciana Ferreira
Kuhn, Patrícia Chamadoira
Moises, Regina Santiago
Vieira Filho, João Paulo B.
Franco, Laercio Joel
Affilliation: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia. Escola de Medicina. Uberlândia, MG, Brasil / Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto. Departamento de Medicina Social. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto. Departamento de Medicina Social. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto. Departamento de Medicina Social. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto. Departamento de Medicina Social. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Divisão de Endocrinologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Divisão de Endocrinologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Divisão de Endocrinologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Divisão de Endocrinologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto. Departamento de Medicina Social. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The raising prevalence of weight excess and of non-communicable diseases in indigenous populations, as well as changes in food consumption and reduction in the frequency and intensity of physical activity, suggest that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) is also elevated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MS and the frequency of its components in the Xavante adult population living in the Indian reservations of São Marcos and Sangradouro/Volta Grande, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 932 Xavante Indians aged 20 years or more, in the 2008-2012 period. The variables analysed were gender, age, weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure, initial and 2-h capillary glycemia in a 75 g OGTT, levels of triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol. The diagnostic criteria for MS proposed by the IDF and AHA/NHLBI were used. RESULTS: The prevalence of MS was 66.1 % (95 % CI 63.0-69.2), being 76.2 % (95 % CI 72.4-80.0) in women and 55.6 % (95 % CI 51.0-60.2) in men. Women had higher prevalence of MS in all age groups. Elevated waist circumference and lower levels of HDL-cholesterol were the more frequent components in those with MS, and elevated blood pressure was the less frequent. CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of MS in the Xavante Indians is mainly due to the increased prevalence of weight excess that resulted from an intense change in their life-style, in a short period of time in a population with a genetic predisposition. These findings highlight the magnitude of this health problem and make an alert about the necessity to implement specific preventive interventions.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Epidemiologia
Região Centro-Oeste
Xavante
Antropometria
Pressão Arterial
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estado Nutricional
Avaliação Nutricional
Dislipidemias
Sobrepeso e Obesidade
Transição Nutricional
Doenças Crônicas não Transmissíveis
Síndrome Metabólica
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Epidemiologia
Antropometria
Pressão Arterial
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estado Nutricional
Avaliação Nutricional
Dislipidemias
Sobrepeso e Obesidade
Transição Nutricional
Síndrome Metabólica
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: BMC
Citation: SOARES, Luana Padua. et al. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Brazilian Xavante indigenous population. Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome, v. 7, n. , p. 105, 2015.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/s13098-015-0100-x
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos
EPI - Artigos de Periódicos

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