Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1272
Title: Nutrition transition in Amazonia: obesity and socioeconomic change in the Suruí Indians from Brazil
Authors: Lourenço, Ana Eliza Port
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Orellana, Jesem D. Y.
Coimbra Junior, Carlos E. A.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Departamento de Antropologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Leônidas & Maria Deane. Manaus, AM, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional status of the adult Suruí population, an indigenous society from the Brazilian Amazon, as it relates to socioeconomic conditions. Fieldwork was carried out in February-March 2005, including 252 individuals (88.1% of the total eligible subjects older than 20 years of age in the villages surveyed). Anthropometric measurements were performed following standard procedures, and percentage of body fat (%BF) was measured by bioimpedance. To classify the Suruí according to socioeconomic status (SES), an index was constructed based on a group of variables to characterize socioeconomic differentiation. Evaluated by body mass index (BMI), the majority of Suruí 20-49.9 years of age were overweight (42.3%) or obese (18.2%). The frequency of obesity for women (24.5%) was twice that recorded for men. Subjects classified as overweight or obese also showed high %BF and waist circumference (WC). Women in the high SES category showed higher anthropometric values (including weight, BMI, arm fat area, and WC) and %BF than those of lower SES. This study shows that the Suruí are undergoing a rapid process of nutrition transition. This transition is closely associated with the emergence of intragroup differences in SES which have impacted diet and physical activity patterns. In research in indigenous peoples in Amazonia, greater attention should be paid to the human biological outcomes of socioeconomic transformations related to the growing involvement of native societies in the market economy.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Região Norte
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Região Centro-Oeste
Suruí
Rondônia
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estado Nutricional
Avaliação Nutricional
Sobrepeso e Obesidade
Condições Socioeconômicas
Inquéritos Nutricionais
Suruí de Rondônia
Transição Nutricional
Circunferência da Cintura
Pregas Cutâneas
Antopometria
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estado Nutricional
Classe Social
Antopometria
Pregas Cutâneas
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: LOURENÇO, Ana Eliza Port. et al. Nutrition transition in Amazonia: obesity and socioeconomic change in the Suruí Indians from Brazil. American Journal of Human Biology, v. 20, n. 5, p. 564-571, 2008.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1002/ajhb.20781
ISSN: 1520-630
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos

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