Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1408
Title: Tapirs, tractors and tapes: The changing economy and ecology of the Xavante Indians of Central Brazil
Authors: Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Flowers, Nancy M.
Coimbra Junior, Carlos E. A.
Gugelmin, Silvia A.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Departamento de Endemias. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Departamento de Antropologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
University of New York. Hunter College. Departament of Antrhopology. Park Avenue, NY, EUA.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Departamento de Endemias. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Departamento de Endemias. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Abstract: This paper explores the process of change in a Brazilian indigenous community, relating it to historical, economical, and political forces at the regional and national levels, as well as to environmental variables. In the light of current fieldwork, we examine the predictions of a model constructed 20 years ago based on fieldwork in this and three other Indian communities of Central Brazil by Daniel Gross and collaborators. This model ascribed involvement in the market economy of small-scale communities primarily to land circumscription and resulting environmental degradation, increasing the labor cost of subsistence food production. We find that in the case of the Xavánte community entry into the market was more the result of a top-down government plan to implement mechanized rice production on Xavánte reservations. With the collapse of the project the Xavánte have, on the one hand, returned to a more “traditional” economy based on hunting, gathering, and swidden agriculture and, on the other hand, are innovating by marketing their cultural image through connections with national and international environmentalist organizations.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Região Centro-Oeste
Nutrição
Xavante
Agricultura
Xavánte
Comportamento Alimentar
Ecologia Humana
Práticas de Subsistência
Produção de Alimentos
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Comportamento Alimentar
Ecologia Humana
Produção de Alimentos
Nutrição
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: Springer
Citation: SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura; et al. Tapirs, tractors and tapes: The changing economy and ecology of the Xavante Indians from Central Brazil. Human Ecology, v. 25, n. 4, p. 545 - 566, 1997.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1023/A:1021881823603
ISSN: 1572-9915
0300-7839
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Artigos de Periódicos

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