Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1426
Title: The Yanomami Indians in the INTERSALT Study
Authors: Carvalho, Jairo de Jesus Mancilha
Souza e Silva, Nelson Albuquerque
Affilliation: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq). Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Brasil
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq). Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Brasil
Abstract: Objective - To study the distribution and interrelationship among constitutional and biochemical variables with blood pressure (BP) in an population of Yanomami indians. To compare these findings with those of other populations. Methods - The Yanomami indians were part of the INTERSALT, a study comprising 10,079 males and females, aged from 20 to 59 years, belonging to 52 populations in 32 countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe. Each of the 52 centers was required to accrue 200 individuals, 25 participants in each age group. The variables analyzed were as follows: age, sex, arterial BP, urinary sodium and potassium excretion (24-hour urine), body mass index, and alcohol ingestion. Results - The findings in the Yanomami population were as follows: a very low urinary sodium excretion (0.9 mmol/24h); mean systolic and diastolic BP levels of 95.4 mmHg and 61.4 mmHg, respectively; no cases of hypertension or obesity; and they have no knowledge of alcoholic beverages. Their BP levels do not elevate with age. The urinary sodium excretion relates positively and the urinary potassium excretion relates negatively to systolic BP. This correlation was maintained even when controlled for age and body mass index. Conclusion - A positive relation between salt intake and blood pressure was detected in the analysis of a set of diverse populations participating in the INTERSALT Study, including populations such as the Yanomami Indians. The qualitative observation of their lifestyle provided additional inform
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Região Norte
Roraima
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Amazônica
Epidemiologia
Yanomami
Hipertensão
Pressão Arterial
Inquéritos de Saúde
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Epidemiologia
Hipertensão
Pressão Arterial
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia
Citation: CARVALHO, Jairo de Jesus Mancilha; SOUZA E SILVA, Nelson Albuquerque. The Yanomami Indians in the INTERSALT Study. Arq Bras Cardiol, v. 80, n. 3, p. 295-300, 2003.
ISSN: 1678-4170
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:EPI - Artigos de Periódicos

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