Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/1429
Title: Deforestation, drainage network, indigenous status, and geographical differences of malaria in the State of Amazonas
Authors: Terrazas, Wagner Cosme Morhy
Sampaio, Vanderson de Souza
Castro, Daniel Barros de
Pinto, Rosemary Costa
Albuquerque, Bernardino Cláudio de
Sadahiro, Megumi
dos Passos, Ricardo Augusto
Braga, José Ueleres
Affilliation: Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Instituto de Medicina Social. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil
Abstract: Background Malaria is a major public health problem worldwide. In Brazil, an average of 420,000 cases of malaria have been reported annually in the last 12 years, of which 99.7 % occurred in the Amazon region. This study aimed to analyse the distribution of malaria in the State of Amazonas and the influence of indigenous malaria in this scenario, to evaluate the correlation between incidence rates and socio-economic and environmental factors, and to evaluate the performance of health surveillance services. Methods This ecological study used secondary data obtained from the SIVEP-MALARIA malaria surveillance programme. The relationship between demographic, socio-economic and environmental factors, the performance of health surveillance services and the incidence of malaria in Amazonas, a multiple linear regression model was used. Results The crude rate of malaria in Amazonas was 4142.72 cases per 100,000 inhabitants between 2003 and 2012. The incidence rates for the indigenous and non-indigenous populations were 12,976.02 and 3749.82, respectively, with an indigenous population attributable fraction of only 8 %. The results of the linear regression analysis indicated a negative correlation between the two socio-economic indicators (municipal human development index (MHDI) and poverty rate) and the incidence of malaria in the period. With regard to the environmental indicators (average annual deforestation rate and percentage of areas under the influence of watercourses), the correlation with the incidence rate was positive. Conclusions The findings underscore the importance of implementing economic and social development policies articulated with strategic actions of environmental protection and health care for the population.
Keywords: Amazonas
Brasil
Região Norte
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Amazônica
Epidemiologia
Malária
Índios Sul-Americanos
Fatores de Risco
Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias
Condições Socioeconômicas
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Epidemiologia
Malária
Condições Socioeconômicas
Fatores de Risco
Doenças Parasitárias
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: TERRAZAS, Wagner Cosme Morhy; et al. Deforestation, drainage network, indigenous status, and geographical differences of malaria in the State of Amazonas. Malaria Journal, v. 14, n. 379, s.p. , 2015.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/s12936-015-0859-0|
ISSN: 1475-2875
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:DIP - Artigos de Periódicos

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