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Title: Avaliação da massa óssea e sua relação com a síndrome metabólica no envelhecimento indígena
Advisor: Machado, Denise Cantarelli
Authors: Rocha, Ana Karina Silva da
Co-advisor: Bós, Ângelo José Gonçalves
Affilliation: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
Abstract: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) has a wide range depending on the population and the diagnostic criteria used. MS is characterized by alterations in glucose metabolism, obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Regarding bone mass, the higher the peak reached by the individual, the greater your reservation calcium for the period of aging and lower your susceptibility to fractures. This study aimed to describe bone mass and assess its relationship with the metabolic syndrome and vitamin D levels in indigenous middle-aged and elderly in rural areas of southern Brazil. This is a cohort study, cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical. Participated in the study, 73 Indians aged 40 or older in the municipality of Nonoai, RS, Brazil. The prevalence of MS was estimated by applying the diagnostic criteria recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program - Adult Treatment Panel III. Biochemical tests were performed to determine the levels of total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, blood glucose and TGL and vitamin D. Were also obtained anthropometric data and dietary data through a questionnaire frequency of food intake. The evaluation of bone densitometry was performed by the regions of the spine and femur. The prevalence of MS was 56 (76.7%) being more prevalent in females. Regarding bone mass observed that the major changes were located in Column 46 (63%). With respect to the femur bone, only 19% of subjects analyzed had abnormal. With respect to serum levels of vitamin D found that 49 (67.1%) were altered When the criteria for SM were compared with changes in bone mass was not significant, however HDL values were related to reductions in the levels of Vitamin D. Regarding food frequency, there was an association between bone mass, SM and serum vitamin D in thier adding salt to food. We observed a significant relationship between intake of fatty foods and meat with SM and altered levels of vitamin D. It is believed that the health education of individuals with bone changes associated with MS is the best way to control this problem, since it promotes its suitability for Indian culture and motivation to change habits in order to improve quality of life.
Keywords: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Sul
Rio Grande do Sul
Estudos Transversais
Síndrome X Metabólica
Comportamento Alimentar
Densidade óssea
Estudo observacional
Qualidade de vida
Vitamina D
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: ROCHA, Ana Karina Silva da. Avaliação da massa óssea e sua relação com a síndrome metabólica no envelhecimento indígena. 2012. 120 f. Tese (Doutorado em Gerontologia Biomédica)-Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, 2012
Place of defense: Porto Alegre/RS
Defense institution: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
Program: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Gerontologia
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:DANT - Teses de Doutorado

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