Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/5637
Title: Skin diseases in indigenous population: retrospective epidemiological study at Xingu Indigenous Park (XIP) and review of the literature
Authors: Wu, Jenifer S. A.
Florian, Marcos C.
Rodrigues, Douglas A.
Tomimori, Jane
Affilliation: Universidade Federal de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Departamento de Dermatologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Escola Paulista de Medicina. Departamento de Dermatologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Abstract: Background: Skin diseases among indigenous populations have been poorly described in the literature. Risk factors linked to habits, cultural practices, genetics, and environmental characteristics can influence the frequency and clinical presentation of these diseases. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted through a review of dermatological medical records. Data were obtained over three visits to Xingu Indigenous Park (XIP). Main dermatoses were compared by gender, age, ethnicity, and village. Diseases were classified into four groups: infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, and other. Results: Of the 398 patients included in the study, 54.2% were female. The participants ranged in age from 1 to 75 years (median, 10 years). The predominant ethnic group was Caiabi (49.7%), followed by Ikpeng (14.3%) and Kamaiurá (10.0%). The primary village studied was Diauarum, followed by Moigú and Morena. Infectious dermatoses were the most frequent (43.8%), followed by inflammatory (33.7%), neoplastic (15.5%), and other skin diseases (7.0%). Infectious diseases were predominant in Caiabi and Kamaiurá Indians, whereas inflammatory skin diseases were more frequent in Ikpeng and Juruna populations. We also observed a high frequency of malignancy in the Ikpeng and Trumai ethnic groups. Infectious skin diseases, except for fungal infections, were frequent in younger age groups. This trend was not replicated for neoplastic skin diseases. Uncommon dermatoses such as Heck's disease, lichen striatus, and aquagenic urticaria were also observed. Jorge Lobo's disease was not included in this analysis. Conclusion: Improved knowledge of the distribution of common dermatoses among different ethnic groups and villages in XIP will aid in the prevention of skin infections and skin cancer. This improved knowledge will also allow the development of skin disease guidelines that can help local indigenous health professionals.
Keywords: Mato Grosso
Região Amazônica
Região Centro-Oeste
Parque Indigena do Xingu
Doenças da Pele e do Tecido Subcutâneo
DeCS: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Ecossistema Amazônico
Epidemiologia
Revisão
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: WU, Jenifer S. A. et al. Skin diseases in indigenous population: retrospective epidemiological study at Xingu Indigenous Park (XIP) and review of the literature. International Journal of Dermatology, v. 56, n. 12, p. 1414-1420, 9 Aug. 2017.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1111/ijd.13716
ISSN: 0011-9059
Copyright: closed access
Appears in Collections:EPI - Artigos de Periódicos



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