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dc.contributor.authorSilva, Túlio Romão Ribeiro da-
dc.contributor.authorAssis, Mauro Diego Gobira Guimarães de-
dc.contributor.authorFreire, Maíra Posteraro-
dc.contributor.authorRêgo, Felipe Dutra-
dc.contributor.authorGontijo, Celia Maria Ferreira-
dc.contributor.authorShimabukuro, Paloma Helena Fernandes-
dc.identifier.citationSILVA, Túlio Romão Ribeiro da; ASSIS, Mauro Diego Gobira Guimarães de; FREIRE, Maíra Posteraro; RÊGO, Felipe Dutra; GONTIJO, Celia Maria Ferreira; SHIMABUKURO, Paloma Helena Fernandes. Molecular Detection of Leishmania in Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) Collected in the Caititu Indigenous Reserve of the Municipality of Lábrea, State of Amazonas, Brazil. Journal of Medical Entomology, v. 51, n. 6, p. 1276-1282, 2014.en_US
dc.description.abstractPhlebotominae sand flies are of medical importance because they are vectors of human pathogens, such as protozoa of the genus Leishmania Ross, etiological agent of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL). In Lábrea, a municipality in the state of Amazonas, Brazil, ACL is primarily associated with subsistence activities, such as collection and extraction of forest products, undertaken by both indigenous and nonindigenous people. Data on ACL in indigenous populations are scarce, such that there is little information on the identity of the etiologie agent(s), reservoir host(s) and insect vector(s). The aim of this work was to study the sand fly fauna collected during an 8-d surveillance of different habitats in the Indigenous Reserve Caititu, Lábrea. In total, 1,267 sand flies were collected in different habitats for eight consecutive days, of which 819 (64.6%) were females and 448 (35.4%) males, from 10 genera and 32 species. The most abundant genera were Psychodopygus (34.3%), Trichophoromyia (22.9%), and Nyssomyia (15.3%). The most abundant species were Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis (Mangabeira) (n = 235, 18.5%), Psychodopygus davisi(Root) (n = 228, 18.0%) and Nyssomyia antunesi (Coutinho) (n = 135, 10.7%). Direct sequencing of polymerase chain reaction products demonstrated the presence of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis and Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in the following species of sand flies:Evandromyia apurinan (Shimabukuro, Silveira, & Silva), Nyssomyia umbratilis (Ward & Fraiha),Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli (Young & Porter), Ps. davisi, Sciopemyia servulolimai (Damasceno & Causey), and Th. ubiquitalis. The presence of natural infection by Leishmania detected in the sand fly species investigated in this study suggests their possible role in the transmission cycle of ACL in the studied area.en_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.rightsopen accessen_US
dc.subject.otherRegião Norteen_US
dc.subject.otherRegião Amazônicaen_US
dc.titleMolecular Detection of Leishmania in Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) Collected in the Caititu Indigenous Reserve of the Municipality of Lábrea, State of Amazonas, Brazilen_US
dc.subject.decsSaúde de Populações Indígenasen_US
dc.subject.decsÍndios Sul-Americanosen_US
dc.subject.decsLeshmaniose Cutâneaen_US
dc.subject.decsDoenças Parasitáriasen_US
dc.subject.enHealth of Indigenous Peoplesen_US
dc.subject.enIndians, South Americanen_US
dc.subject.enParasitic Diseasesen_US
dc.subject.enCutaneous Leishmaniasisen_US
dc.subject.enSand Flyen_US
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