Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/6429
Title: “Why Did They Die?”: Biomedical Narratives of Epidemics and Mortality among Amazonian Indigenous Populations in Sociohistorical and Anthropological Contexts
Authors: Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Coimbra Junior, Carlos Everaldo Alvares
Radin, Joanna
Affilliation: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Departamento de Antropologia Social. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil/Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Universidade de Yale. New Haven, CO, EUA
Abstract: In the second half of the twentieth century, Indigenous populations from different parts of the world were identified as key subjects in a wide range of investigations into patterns of human biological variation. Focusing on Amazonia, a prominent regionfor such research, this paper explores some of the complex relationships between biomedicine, anthropological knowledge, political regimes, and Indigenous rights. We focus on the roles of Francis L. Black (Yale University) and James V. Neel (University of Michigan), leading American scientists working in lowland South America from the 1970s to the 1990s, in knowledge production and scientific disputes at the intersection of human biology and susceptibility to infectious diseases, as well as the use of specific biomedical technologies (e.g., vaccines). During the Cold War, arguments concerning genetically determined susceptibility to infectious diseases and the role of biomedicine in health care for Indigenous populations became highly disputed, as scientists were concerned about how scientific knowledge could be used in the implementation of public policies. We argue that analysis of unpublished debates about the political implications of the trajectory of biomedical research about Amazonian Indigenous peoples helps to broaden and complexify the global history of human biological diversity research in the post–World War II period
Keywords: Brazil
Health of Indigenous Peoples
Indians, South American
Biomedical Research
Public Policy
Biomedical Technology
Keywords: Região Amazônica
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Epidemiologia
Doenças Transmissíveis
Política Pública
Pesquisa Biomédica
Atenção à Saúde
Biomedicina
Ecossistema Amazônico
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Citation: SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura; COIMBRA JUNIOR, Carlos Everaldo Alvares; RADIN, Joanna. “Why Did They Die?”: Biomedical Narratives of Epidemics and Mortality among Amazonian Indigenous Populations in Sociohistorical and Anthropological Contexts. Current Anthropology, v. 61, n. 4, 2020.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1086/710079
ISSN: 0011-3204
Other Identifiers: 10.1086/710079
0011-3204, 1537-5382
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:TR - Artigos Publicados em Jornais

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