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Title: Agricultural frontiers, health care, and population size impact the recovery patterns of brazilian indigenous nations
Authors: Krsulovic, Felipe Augusto Maurin
Casares, Fernanda Araujo
Lima, Mauricio
Affilliation: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Santiago, Chile.
Instituto Brasileiro de Biodiversidade. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Santiago, Chile.
Abstract: After centuries of decline, the populations of indigenous nations in Brazil began to increase in the 1970s. Population Ecology theory predicts that population size affects the dynamics of three basic recovery patterns: intra-specific cooperation (a positive effect of population size); competition (a negative effect); and exponential growth (no effect of population size). We analyzed the dynamics and recent history of 25 Brazilian indigenous populations using a cross-sectional approach to understand how exogenous and cultural variables (e.g., deforestation, diet richness) interact with population levels. We found that population size, access to health care, the extent of indigenous territories, and degree of deforestation impact the recovery of indigenous population levels.
Keywords: Deforestation
Health care
Intra-population processes
Indigenous populations
Local environmental knowledge
Land rights
Keywords: Região Amazônica
DeCS: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Atenção à Saúde
Ecossistema Amazônico
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Springer
Citation: KRSULOVIC, Felipe Augusto Maurin; CASARES, Fernanda Araujo; LIMA, Mauricio. Agricultural frontiers, health care, and population size impact the recovery patterns of brazilian indigenous nations. Human Ecology, v. 47, p. 275-290, 7 May 2019.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s10745-019-0069-4
ISSN: 0300-7839
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos de Periódicos

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