Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/6891
Title: Evaluation of efficacy, efficiency and effectiveness of community projects of visual health in the population of the amazon riversides
Authors: Loduca, Vagner
Rehder, José Ricardo
Sobral Neto, Halmelio
Daher, Guilherme
Gracia, Marina
Jorge, Priscilla A.
Kara-Junior, Newton
Affilliation: Faculdade de Medicina do ABC. Santo André, SP, Brasil
Faculdade de Medicina do ABC. Santo André, SP, Brasil
Faculdade de Medicina do ABC. Santo André, SP, Brasil
Faculdade de Medicina do ABC. Santo André, SP, Brasil
Faculdade de Medicina do ABC. Santo André, SP, Brasil
Faculdade de Medicina da USP. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Faculdade de Medicina da USP. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of eye diseases in the Amazon region and evaluate the efficacy, efficiency and effectiveness of community projects of visual health in underserved communities. METHODS: Retrospective, observational and ecological study, which covers the underserved communities of the Brazilian Amazon by the Amazon Project Vision 2000. The data were retrieved from a total sample of 1,276 patients. A questionnaire was applied to patients with 22 questions divided into general and health data. All patients were submitted to a complete eye examination. All project data were stored in a database for later evaluation. RESULTS: Of the 1,276 patients evaluated, 65% were female, 51.9% said they had never had an eye examination and 91% believed to have some visual problem. Emmetropia was detected in 3.8% and 47.2% had presbyopia. Cataract (16.2%) and pterygium (23.6%) were the prevalent diseases. During the project, cataract surgeries were performed in 27.6% and pterygium in 6.9% of patients. When asked why they had not operated before, 24.1% said they had no financial conditions and 55.2% because there was no specialized doctor nearby. CONCLUSION: Refractive errors, pterygium and cataract were the most common ocular findings in the population evaluated. The Amazon Project Vision 2000 provided the equipment and resources for the activities proposed, reaching the pre-defined goal.
Keywords: Brazil
Health of Indigenous Peoples
Indians, South American
Health Services, Indigenous
Eye Diseases
Cataract
Blindness
Keywords: Região Amazônica
Cegueira
Doenças e Agravos Não Transmissíveis
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena
Oftalmopatias
Catarata
Cegueira
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Mavera Edições Técnicas e Científicas Ltda
Citation: LODUCA, Vagner; et al. Evaluation of efficacy, efficiency and effectiveness of community projects of visual health in the population of the amazon riversides. MedicalExpress [Online], São Paulo, v. 3, n. 3, p. M160308 , 2016
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.5935/MedicalExpress.2016.03.08
ISSN: 2358-0429
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:DANT - Artigos de Periódicos



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