Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/6961
Title: Trachoma among the Yanomami Indians
Authors: Paula, J. S.
Medina, N. H.
Cruz, A. A. V.
Affilliation: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto. Departamento de Oftalmologia, Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.
Secretaria da Saúde do Estado de São Paulo. Centro de Vigilância Epidemiológica. Serviço Sanitário de Oftalmologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto. Departamento de Oftalmologia, Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.
Abstract: The Yanomami are one of the last primitive groups of Indians living in Brazil. They have almost no contact with other cultures. The epidemiology of eye disease among Yanomami is virtually unknown. For the first time, a trachoma survey was conducted among Yanomami Indians in the State of Amazonas near the Venezuelan border of the Brazilian rain forest. Ophthalmic examination was carried out on a total of 613 individuals (338 males and 275 females) from eight Yanomami villages along the Marauiá River located in the upper Rio Negro Basin. Age was classified into three categories (children, adults, and elderly) and trachoma was classified into five grades: follicular, inflammatory intense, cicatricial, trichiasis, and corneal opacity. Trachoma was endemic in all villages visited. Overall, 30.3% of the subjects had trachoma. Females were significantly more affected (37.4%) than males (23.9%). The inflammatory trachoma rate reached 24.9% in children and the cicatricial form increased with age, reaching 13.9% among adults and 35.21% among the elderly. Trichiasis or corneal opacities were not detected and treatment of the entire population was initiated with 1 g azithromycin. The detection of endemic trachoma among the Yanomami is relevant for the understanding of the epidemiology of this disease in the Brazilian rain forest and underscores the necessity for a program of trachoma control in this region.
Keywords: Trachoma
Yanomami
Epidemiology
Keywords: Amazonas
Região Amazônica
Região Noroeste
Região Norte
Yanomami
Doenças Bacterianas
Rio Marauiá
DeCS: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Ecossistema Amazônico
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Venezuela
Tracoma
Infecções Bacterianas
Epidemiologia
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Citation: PAULA, J. S.; MEDINA, N. H.; CRUZ, A. A. V. Trachoma among the Yanomami Indians. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, v. 35, n. 10, p. 1153-1157, Oct. 2002.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1590/S0100-879X2002001000007
ISSN: 0100-879X
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:EPI - Artigos de Periódicos

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