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Title: Fertility and pacification among the Mekranoti of Central Brazil
Authors: Werner, Dennis
Affilliation: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
Abstract: Demographers and anthropologists have recently turned their attention to the fertility increases that seem to have occurred with the “demographic transition.” This study examines various explanations for historical changes infertility among the Mekranoti-Kayapo Indians of Central Brazil. Data from pregnancy histories and genealogies suggest that changes in health status, use of contraceptives, lactation periods, and post-partum sexual abstinence are not as important in accounting for Mekranoti fertility as is warfare. Because of high male mortality from war, many Mekranoti women spent a large portion of their reproductive years without a husband, and their fertility was significantly lower as a result. This finding may have implications for demographic changes elsewhere and in other periods of human evolution.
Keywords: Brazil
Health of Indigenous Peoples
Indians, South American
Keywords: Região Centro-Oeste
Mebêngôkre Kaiapó
DeCS: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Issue Date: 1983
Publisher: Daniel G. Bates
Citation: WERNER, Dennis. Fertility and pacification among the Mekranoti of Central Brazil. Human Ecology, v. 11, n. 2, p. 227-245, 1983
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/BF00891744
ISSN: 1572-9915
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos de Periódicos

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