Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/7016
Title: Food profile of Yanomami indigenous children aged 6 to 59 months from the Brazilian Amazon, according to the degree of food processing: a cross-sectional study
Authors: Moraes, Aline Oliveira dosSantos
Magalhães, Elma Izze da Silva
Orellana, Jesem Douglas Yamall
Gatica-Dominguez, Giovanna
Neves, Paulo Augusto Ribeiro
Basta, Paulo Cesar
Vaz, Juliana dos Santos
Affilliation: Federal University of Pelotas. Postgraduate Program in Nutrition and Food. Pelotas, RS, Brazil
Federal University of Maranhão. Postgraduate Program in Public Health. São Luis, MA, Brazil
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute. Manaus, AM, Brazil
Federal University of Pelotas. Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology. Pelotas, RS, Brazil
Federal University of Pelotas. Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology. Pelotas, RS, Brazil
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. National School of Public Health. Samuel Pessoa Department of Endemics. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Federal University of Pelotas. Postgraduate Program in Nutrition and Food. Pelotas, RS, Brazil / Federal University of Pelotas. Faculty of Nutrition. Pelotas, ES, Brazil
Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to characterize the food profile of Yanomami indigenous children according to the degree of food processing and its associated factors. Design: This is a cross-sectional study with Yanomami indigenous children aged 6 to 59 months. Sociodemographic, maternal, and infant data were collected through a standardized questionnaire. The food profile was obtained by using a list of 34 foods to verify the child’s consumption of these foods on the day preceding the interview. Foods were classified according to the degree of processing based on the NOVA system (in natura or minimally processed, processed culinary ingredients, processed, and ultra-processed). In natura and minimally processed foods were subdivided into ‘regional’ and ‘urban’ foods. Poisson regression analysis was applied to estimate the associated factors according to the 90% confidence interval. Setting: Three villages (Auaris, Maturacá and Ariabú) in the Yanomami indigenous territory, in the Brazilian Amazon. Participants: 251 Yanomami children aged 6 to 59 months were evaluated. Results: The prevalence of consumption of ‘regional’ and ‘urban’ in natura or minimally processed foods was 93% and 56%, respectively, and consumption of ultra-processed foods was 32%. Ultra-processed food consumption was 11.6 times higher in children of Maturacá and 9.2 times higher in Ariabú when compared to the children of Auaris, and 31% lower in children who had mothers with shorter stature. Conclusion: Despite the high frequency of consumption of in natura and minimally processed foods, the consumption of ultra-processed foods was substantial and was associated with demographic and maternal factors in Yanomani indigenous children under five years old.
Keywords: Brazil
Indians, South American
Health of Indigenous Peoples
Child Nutrition
Epidemiology
Keywords: Yanomami
Região Amazônica
Alimentação e Nutrição
DeCS: Brasil
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Índios Sul-Americanos
Nutrição da Criança
Epidemiologia
Hábitos Alimentares
Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição
Issue Date: May-2022
Publisher: University Press
Citation: MORAES, Aline Oliveira dos S.; et al. Food profile of Yanomami indigenous children aged 6 to 59 months from the Brazilian Amazon, according to the degree of food processing: a cross-sectional study. Public Health Nutrition, p. 1 - 30, 2022
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980022001306
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Preprint



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