Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/800
Title: Cárie dentária e fatores associados em indígenas Kotiria do alto rio Uaupés, AM, Brasil
Advisor: Rebelo, Maria Augusta Bessa
Authors: Cortês, Gabriel
Co-advisor: Carneiro, Flávia Cohen
Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of caries and investigate its association with socioeconomic, feeding and oral hygiene factors in Kotiria Indians from the Upper Uaupés River, Amazonas, Brazil. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted with 93,5% of the indigenous population aged from 1-5 (n=54), 12 (n=11), and 15-19 (n-22) years old resident at the traditional Kotiria land. Caries and treatment needs were assessed using the World Health Organization criteria. The Simplified Debris Index (DI-S) and gingival bleeding (SG) were taken as oral hygiene status. Interview was used to record socioeconomic, feeding and oral hygiene data. Cariogenic food intakes frequency was assessed using 24 hours recall alimentary inquiry. Data analyses included exploratory statistics, Pearsons Chi-Square Test, Likehood Ratio, Fisher´s Exact Test, Pearson´s Correlation, T Test and Anova. Results: The dmft was 4,72 at 1-5 years and 8,11 at 5 years. The DMFT was 5,36 at 12 and 6,45 at 15 - 19 years. Only 21,8 % of the indigenous evaluated were caries free. The most frequent treatment need was filling followed by extraction for all ages. DI-S and SG status was considered good to 9,93% and 13,2% of all participants. Exclusive breastfeeding until the sixth months was reported to 72% of the children aged 1-5 years and 35,9% reported to use baby bottle. The average consumption of sucrose was 1,4 times a day, and 0,7 times in between meals. The average house income was 366,00 US dollars, and 6 houses (16%) had no income. Parents education was 8,7 and 5,1 years of study for fathers and mothers respectively. Higher sucrose intake between meals and interrupted toothpaste access were associated to higher caries frequency (p<0,05). DMFT/dmft was positive correlated to gingival bleeding (p=0,034). Conclusions: The Kotiria indigenous group presented high caries prevalence and treatment needs. Good oral hygiene, permanent toothpaste access, less sucrose intake between meals were associated or correlated to better oral health conditions.
Keywords: Amazonas
Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Região Norte
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Amazônica
Cárie Dentária
Saúde Bucal
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Comportamento Alimentar
Deficiências Nutricionais
Condições Socioeconômicas
Kotiria
DeCS: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Amazônica
Cárie Dentária
Saúde Bucal
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Comportamento Alimentar
Deficiências Nutricionais
Condições Socioeconômicas
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: CORTÊS, Gabriel. Cárie dentária e fatores associados em indígenas Kotiria do alto rio Uaupés, AM, Brasil. 2013. 150 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, 2013
Place of defense: Manaus
Defense institution: Universidade Federal do Amazonas
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AN - Dissertações de Mestrado
EPI - Dissertações de Mestrado

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