Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://ds.saudeindigena.icict.fiocruz.br/handle/bvs/900
Título: Fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares: um estudo comparativo entre indigenas, brancos, pardos/negros que residem na cidade de Manaus
Orientador: Franco, Roberto Jorge da S.
Autor(es): Toledo, Noeli das Neves
Coorientador: Martin, Luis Cuadrado
Mainbourg, Evelyne Marie Therese
Resumo: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Brazil and worldwide. The few biomedical studies conducted with indigenous groups in villages reveal that obesity, hypertension and diabetes mellitus, major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases, have been frequent. Objective: This study aimed to compare the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases among indigenous ethnic groups of the Rio Negro region, the sateré-mawé and their white neighbors, browns / blacks living in the city of Manaus. Methods: The sample consisted of 191 subjects, 35 (18.3%) sateré-mawé natives, 43 (22.5%) natives of the Rio Negro, 24 (12.6%) white and 89 browns / blacks (46.6%). Results: The results showed that in all groups there were mostly women. The prevalence of hypertension was 25% among the browns / blacks, 21% among whites, 11.6% among natives of the Rio Negro and 2.3% in sateré-mawé. The logistic regression analysis showed that the natives of Rio Negro had similar chances to whites and browns / blacks to develop hypertension, whereas the sateré-mawé natives showed greater protection to come to have the disease. On the other hand, the natives of Rio Negro were less likely to have high triglycerides, while the sateré-mawé had similar chances to whites and browns / blacks. For all groups increased BMI, as well as sedentary lifestyles and irregular physical activity, were associated with blood glucose levels and higher triglycerides. Discussion: We suggest that changes in lifestyle and eating habits of these groups, especially indigenous people, have influenced both protection mechanisms, such as increased exposure to risk factors for CVD s. Conclusion: There is need for studies that investigate in more detail, the types and amounts of food consumed by these groups; or there is the hypothesis that saterê-mawé natives have some additional protective factor for hypertension.
Palavras-chave: Amazonas
Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Região Norte
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Amazônica
Rio Negro
Mortalidade
Doenças Cardiovasculares
Fatores de Risco
Sateré-Mawé
DeCS: Brasil
Índios Sul-Americanos
Saúde de Populações Indígenas
Região Amazônica
Mortalidade
Doenças Cardiovasculares
Fatores de Risco
Data do documento: 2013
Referência: TOLEDO, Noeli das Neves. Fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares: um estudo comparativo entre indigenas, brancos, pardos/negros que residem na cidade de Manaus. 2013. 63 f. Tese (Doutorado em Ciências da Saúde) - Universidade Federal do Amazonas/Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, 2013
Local de defesa: Botucatu/SP
Instituição de defesa: Universidade Estadual Paulista. Universidade Federal do Amazonas.
Direito autoral: open access
Aparece nas coleções:TR - Teses de Doutorado

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